Mattia Toaldo

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Mattia Toaldo

Mattia Toaldo is a Policy Fellow for the Middle East and North Africa Program at the European Council on Foreign Relations in London.

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The Haftar factor in Libya’s puzzle

General Khalifa Haftar does not yet formally control power in all of Libya, but he possesses some of the hallmarks of a real Arab ruler. Despite enjoying no official international support, Haftar controls his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and through that holds almost total political power in the part of Libya under his control – Cyrenaica, in the country’s East...

The EU deal with Libya on migration: a question of fairness and effectiveness

On the eve of the 3 February EU summit in Malta, the President of the EU Council Donald Tusk promised the closure of the Central Mediterranean migration route into Europe. The summit produced a memorandum of understanding between the Italian and internationally-recognised Libyan government that aims exactly at that...

Italy’s dilemmas in Libya

On 12 September, the Italian Senate approved the deployment of 100 paratroopers to the Libyan city of Misrata to protect a field hospital that will be created to provide healthcare to those fighting ISIS in Sirte...

Libya’s competing centers of power and the West’s priority: support the political process

After the fall of Muammar Qaddafi and particularly since the summer of 2014, Libya lacked a central government and was instead divided between multiple centers of power...

Europe’s options on Libya: no easy way out

In the first two months of 2015, Libya has rapidly climbed in the list of the top foreign policy priorities of many European capitals...

Libya: the regional war and the West’s awkward moment

Western officials dealing with Libya today have a daunting and unattractive task. Crunch time to avoid the crisis probably passed over the summer when hostilities grew in intensity and forced the official government to abandon Tripoli...

Libya and Egypt: analogies, differences and regional factors

Since mid-May, Libya has seen a violent struggle that resembles and echoes in many ways that experienced in Egypt over the past year. However, the Libyan situation has its own peculiarities which must be kept in mind if one wants to understand where the country may be heading...

Could Palestinian reconciliation be a positive step toward Middle East peace?

Few outside observers had predicted the new agreement on Palestinian reconciliation reached on April 23rd between Al Fatah (which rules the West Bank) and Hamas (which controls the Gaza Strip). Not many more can say whether it will actually be implemented. On the contrary, the immediate consequences of the announcement are clear...

Restive but not rebellious, the missed Palestinian Spring

Why haven’t the Palestinians joined the Arab uprisings, or more broadly what Zbigniew Brzezinski has called “the global political awakening” which has gone as far as Chile and Brazil?...

The impact of the (non)strike on Syria: reappraising US strategies

Throughout his presidency, Barack Obama has often been defined as a hesitant and reluctant leader. The Syrian crisis proved no exception but, here at least, his doubts can be explained by examining the daunting challenges he had before him...